Color Psychology in Business & Why It’s Important to Brands

Posted inAdvertising, Creative, Marketing

When it comes to marketing campaigns, you may have noticed specific industries and companies use certain colors within their branding. But what does each color represent? And do colors affect the consumers’ decision making?

Understanding the psychology behind colors can help to colors build and tailor your brand for your audience, while simultaneously giving it personality and meaning. Your audience needs to know who you are and what you represent. But the opposite rings true, the wrong colors could drive them away. 

Psychology of Color in Advertising

When choosing the right colors for your brand, it is important to think about how people will behave. For example, when your audience clicks on a call-to-action (CTA) for an email subscription list or an ad, will a certain color make them more likely to convert? When on a landing page, will the user remain on the page because your branding is cohesive and uniform across the board or leave due to inconsistencies in your color choices?

People will judge your content upon first look, so your brand needs to remain constant. And ultimately, the colors you do pick will influence your consumers and audiences. In fact, research has revealed that “…people make a subconscious judgment about a person, environment, or product within 90 seconds of initial viewing and that between 62% and 90% of that assessment is based on color alone,” states CCICOLOR – Institute for Color Research.

Colors: Their Meanings & Effects

  • Red
    • Attracts more attention than any other color
    • Energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination, passion, desire, love
    • Red is known to enhance human metabolism, increases respiration rate, and raises blood pressure.
    • Brands that use red include Coca-Cola, BuzzFeed, CNN, and Nintendo.
  • Orange
    • Combines the energies of both red and yellow together.
    • Represents joy, sunshine, enthusiasm, fascination, creativity, determination, attraction, encouragement, and caution.
    • Famed orange logos you may recognize are Tide, Harley-Davidson, Nickelodeon, Veuve Cliquot, and Fanta.
  • Yellow
    • Stimulates mental activity and cheerfulness.
    • When overused, yellow can cause a disturbance in a person’s psyche.
    • Bright yellow is a known attention-grabber (e.g., taxis).
    • Yellow brands include McDonald’s, Chevrolet, Best Buy and Nikon.
  • Green
    • Can be beneficial for the mind and body.
    • Green represents health, confidence, endurance, truth, wisdom
    • The color green slows down the human metabolism and has a calming effect on the body.
    • Brands that use the color green in their branding include Tropicana, Whole Foods, Spotify, and Starbucks.
  • Blue
    • Blue triggers emotions of sympathy, spirituality, imagination, success, responsibility, and integrity.
    • Blue is usually used for corporate businesses because it is productive and does not feel as invasive.
    • Blue logos that immediately come to mind are Oreo, NASA, Oral-B, and Lowe’s.
  • Purple
    • There was a reason many kings and queens of days past wore purple robes, as it signified royalty.
    • The color purple represents brands that see themselves as distinguished, respectable, compassionate, original, stable, powerful, mysterious, magical, or wealth-inducing.
    • Purple brands include Hallmark, Cadbury, Hawaiian Airlines, and Zulily.
  • Pink
    • Represents childhood-like sweetness and innocence.
    • Pink is both calming and non-threatening.
    • For brands that want to reflect feelings of hope, optimism, positivity, respect, nurturing, femininity, and sensitivity, always “think pink”.
    • Well-known pink brands include Barbie, Victoria’s Secret PINK, Roxy, and Cosmopolitan.  
  • Black
    • This color often has a negative connotation attached to it as it’s often associated with fear.
    • On the flip side, black represents brands that invoke strength, authority, formal, elegance, modernity, sophistication, and luxury.
    • Examples include Uber, Nordstrom, Chanel, Nike, and Black Rifle Coffee.
  • Brown
    • People that like the color brown are often reserved and not wanting to bring a lot of attention to themselves.
    • Brown triggers thoughts of dependability, reliability, resilience, practicality, masculinity, ruggedness, and seriousness.
    • Brands like UPS, M&Ms, Hershey’s, Louis Vuitton, UGG, and Nespresso all use brown as their logo color.
  • Gray
    • Gray is a good choice for creating the illusion of space.
    • Represents purity, innocence, spaciousness, neutrality, maturity, classic, and seriousness. 
    • Brands that use grey as their color of choice include Apple, Mercedes, Wikipedia, Honda, Infiniti Lexus, and Audi.
  • White
    • White has always had a positive connotation attached to it with visions of perfection and purity.
    • White signifies safety, cleanliness, faith, cleanliness, neutrality, light, goodness, and innocence.
    • Brands such as MINI, The North Face, PBS, World Wildlife Fund, and Jeep use white to create a stark contrast between their logo and any background colors for their brand recognition.  

PIN Business Network’s Brand Colors

This is why we at PIN have chosen light blue and other monochromatic tones for our branding, especially when communicating with clients. These colors don’t just look nice, they’re also effective for communicating the human-centric approach that informs the way we see data. As a result, we produce content that looks as refined as the methodology behind it.

Want to see what our incredible graphic design team can do for you? Contact us today to see your brand come to life!